Apples – Malus Domestica

Apple TREES are cultivated worldwide and are the most widely grown species in the genus Malus.

The apple is a deciduous tree, generally standing 2 to 4.5m tall having its origins in Central Asia. When cultivated, the size, shape and branch density are determined by rootstock selection and trimming method. LEAVES are dark green simple ovals with serrated margins. Blossoms are produced in spring at the same time as leaves. FLOWERS are generally white with a pink tinge.  The FRUIT matures in late summer or autumn. Different CULTIVARS are bred for various tastes and use, including cooking, eating raw and cider production. Sometimes hand thinning is necessary to avoid overstressing the tree, which may result in a poor crop the following year. However this should not be done until mid-December when the natural fall is complete. ROOTSTOCKS are used to control speed of growth and the size of the resulting tree allowing for easier harvesting.

Apple Root Stock:

M26:      Very Dwarf tree, Under 3.0m

M.9        Dwarf tree, To Apx 3.0m, Suits well drained fertile soils. Requires support system:

MM106               Semi dwarf tree, To Apx 4.5m. Good on most soils except poorly drained soils

MM 793              Larger tree, To Apx 6.0m. Better suited to difficult soils (heavy or clay)

Northern Spy Semi dwarf tree.   To Apx 3-5m. Wetter ground and Clay. Resistance to woolly aphids.

Harvest Season (Apx):

EARLY = Jan – Feb.

MID = Feb – March.

LATE = April – May

Make enquiries as to which varieties we have available now or see our online catalogue.